Some facts about advances in treatment for HIV involves the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART), which works by combining medications that attack the HIV virus in different ways. This approach is recommended for all patients suffering from HIV/AIDS. However, when to start using this medication depends on the situation and needs of a particular person.
One of the most important factor that helps to determine when a person should start ART is their CD4 count. A low or decreasing CD4 count is an indication that HIV is growing, thus weakening the immune system. Consequently, this may be considered the right time for a person to start using ART. All guidelines used in the treatment of HIV infection are provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It strongly recommends patients whose CD4 count is below 350 cells/mm^3 start using the antiretroviral therapy.
A person can start using ART any time, especially those with an elevated viral load or other conditions, such as AIDS, pregnancy and other HIV-related conditions, as stated by AIDSinfo. ART is used by HIV patients forever, thus helping them to live longer and healthier. Therefore, it is necessary for patients to take their medication daily and as advised by a doctor.