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What advancements have been made in the treatment of HIV?

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As of 2015, advancements in HIV treatment include the development of a one combination pill such as Stribild, Complera and Atripla instead of complicated cocktails. Additionally, HIV-positive people now have more than 30 drug options to choose from. Therefore, patients choose drugs that cause them reduced side effects. Modern HIV medication works for decades without the need to switch to a new medication. Current HIV medication is easy to tolerate because of reduced side effects, according to WebMD.

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Common side effects include stomach pain and diarrhea that quickly fade. Improvement of antiretroviral therapy makes HIV a manageable chronic disease. With good management, HIV-positive people now live long and healthy lives. Antiretroviral therapy reduces viral load to undetectable levels to prevent the manifestation of symptoms. Long-term risks of HIV medication include high cholesterol and weakened bones. HIV-positive patients can now start medication immediately after diagnosis depending on their doctors’ recommendation, states WebMD.

Doctors choose a patient's HIV medication depending on how organized a patient is, eating habits and viral resistant. Atripla medication contains efavirenz, which is unsafe for women attempting to get pregnant, expectant women and breast-feeding mothers. Some HIV drugs react with acid reflux medication. A doctor also considers health conditions such as high cholesterol and heart ailments before prescribing HIV medication, reports WebMD.

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