Adult social care services are for adults who have trouble coping with life and require support and care. These services allow adults to maintain their independence and dignity during tough times, according to the UK's National Health Service.
Adult social care services include assistance with everyday tasks like cleaning and shopping, financial support, career advice and disability equipment and adaptations to the home. Specific services provided after based on an assessment of the adult's needs. Adults that may benefit from such services include the elderly, alcohol and substance abusers, the homeless, victims of domestic abuse or neglect, and people with mental health problems, learning or physical disabilities.
In England, the need for adult social care services grew out of the 19th century trend towards greater mobility. As people moved to different areas of the country for work, traditional support networks were challenged and brought a greater need for outside support. As of 2015, the social care workforce in England comprised over one and half million people. Examples of professions within the social care field include policy makers, researchers, academics, case workers, employed care staff and personal assistants. A number of organizations have been formed over the years to train social care workers and establish best practices.