Common treatments for acute high blood sugar include drinking more water, exercising more frequently and changing one's diet, reports WebMD. In addition, physicians may treat acute high blood sugar in diabetic patients by changing or adjusting diabetic medications.
Drinking more water prevents dehydration and helps lower blood sugars by expelling those sugars from the body through the urine, states WebMD. Exercising is also effective in reducing sugar levels, but patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes whose blood sugars are high should check their urine for the presence of ketones. If ketones are in the urine, exercise may actually raise glucose levels. A physician should always be consulted prior to exercising.
A healthy diet also effectively reduces blood sugars, and a physician or dietitian is an excellent resource for specific treatment options, suggests EndocrineWeb. Monitoring the amount of sugars and carbohydrates being eaten, and restricting the consumption of alcohol is recommended. Additionally, eating often, and consuming large amounts of fruits, vegetables and whole grains may effectively reduce blood sugars.
Often, a physician will adjust a diabetic insulin regimen to combat acute sugar levels and prevent diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome, says Mayo Clinic. In the event of such severe hyperglycemia, treatment typically involves hospitalization and fluid or electrolyte replacement as well as insulin therapy.