The general term used to describe damage or disease of the kidneys is nephropathy. This term, however, is not frequently used except to describe diabetic nephropathy and IgA nephropathy, explains WebMD.Know More
Many kidney diseases and abnormalities have unique names, while others have names that represent a specific pathology within the kidney. For example, end stage renal disease occurs 10 to 20 years after the onset of chronic kidney disease, and its name describes the condition. The most common causes of ESRD in the United States are chronic hypertension and diabetes, according to Mayo Clinic.
A group of kidney diseases with similar pathology are the glomerulonephritidies. All of them have characteristic inflammation of the tubules responsible for the filtration of blood. Some of the common diseases are post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis; focal and segmental glomerulonephritis; minimal change disease; membranous glomerulonephritis; pauci-immune glomerulonephritis; and crescentic glomerulonephritis, notes Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Glomerulonephritidies such as post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis do not require treatment because they resolve spontaneously. Symptoms of this disease usually begin a few weeks after the resolution of a strep throat infection, explains MedlinePlus. Other types of glomerulonephritis often require aggressive therapy to reduce inflammation. High-dose steroids have frequently been the mainstay therapy; the drug mycophenolate mofetil has been used in cases where steroids do not help, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook states that human kidneys can often heal themselves from the damage caused by acute kidney failure. A full recovery of kidney function is more likely if the episode of failure lasted less than five days and no complicating factors, such as infections, are present.Full Answer >
According to the National Kidney and Urological Diseases Information Clearinghouses, or NKUDC, kidneys work to filter the blood into urine, ideally preventing proteins from passing into the urine; however, high blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys, preventing them from properly filtering the blood and allowing protein to pass into the urine. This damage is caused by the increased pressure on the blood vessels, which causes them to stretch, resulting in scarred and weakened blood vessels.Full Answer >
Lead poisoning can lead to irreversible damage concerning brain development as well as damage to the kidneys and nervous system, as detailed by Mayo Clinic. Seizures, loss of consciousness and death may occur in cases in which people have very high levels of lead in their bodies.Full Answer >
In the third stage of kidney failure, an individual has a moderate amount of damage to the kidneys due to chronic kidney disease. DaVita Health Care Partners lists these symptoms as including fatigue, fluid retention, changes in urination, kidney pain and sleep problems.Full Answer >