According to About.com, paracetamol is a name for the generic drug acetaminophen, and is the common name for this drug used in the United Kingdom. Acetaminophen is the active ingredient in the branded medication Tylenol.
A:HIV cannot be transmitted by sharing a cigarette, according to HIV Aware, which aggregates information from the United Kingdom's National AIDS Trust. HIV cannot be transmitted by this means even if the person sharing the cigarette has a cut lip or a cold sore.
A:Doctors bring patients out of medically induced comas by gradually reducing the amount of anesthetic and other drugs in their patients' systems. Generally speaking, medically induced comas are prolonged until patients have reached a level of stability consistent with an increased chance of recovery, according to the Scientific American.
A:Most damaged cuticles can be healed by protecting the skin from further damage and keeping it continuously moisturized with a thick moisturizer that is intended for the skin. Cuticles are strong pieces of skin that are intended to protect the nail bed and are somewhat difficult to damage, especially when they are cared for properly.
A:Westchester Magazine suggests avoiding, or resting and stretching between, repetitive thumb motions such as knitting, cleaning, sports motions or texting to prevent tendonitis of the thumb. If the symptoms of tendonitis appear in the thumb, avoid or limit aggravating activities and apply a cold pack for periods of five to 15 minutes throughout the day.
A:Hypothyroidism causes acne, according to the Beauty Editor. The condition occurs following insufficient levels of vitamin A and thyroid hormone, both of which play an important role in conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, progesterone and DHEA. Progesterone is needed to prevent the occurrence of acne and even for management of the condition. Thus, hypothyroidism causes acne by undermining the production of a steroid that checks its development.
A:Pressure sores are caused by constant pressure on the skin, which is often associated with prolonged immobility and improper care. These sores, which are also called bedsores, often occur on bony parts of the body, such as the tailbone, hips and ankles, according to MayoClinic.
A:To prevent dry mouth at night, see a health care professional to determine the cause, and treat it accordingly. A room vaporizer can be used to add moisture to the air at night. Keeping water available by the bed when sleeping helps, as does staying hydrated throughout the day. To stimulate saliva flow, chew sugar-free gum, ice pops, ice chips or hard candies.
A:Fake teeth cannot be whitened. However, unlike natural teeth, fake teeth do not stain from exposure to things such as coffee and tobacco. Fake teeth are created in a dental lab using either porcelain or acrylic resin. This material can be tinted to reach a desired shade.
A:A toothache can cause severe pain indefinitely if it is not treated, according to the National Health Service of Britain. A toothache typically is caused by tooth decay and may progress to a dental abscess without treatment.
A:According to the Intensive Care Coordination and Monitoring Unit of New South Wales, ventilators, also called life support machines or breathing machines, work by supporting patients to breathe or by completely taking over the function of breathing for patients. A breathing tube inserted into the patient’s windpipe connects the ventilator to the patient.
A:According to the FDA, CAT scans rotate an x-ray source mounted opposite a detector around a patient, producing a thin, fan-shaped beam of x-rays that pass through patients' bodies one small section at a time. The detectors register the x-rays as they pass through a patient's body and transmit them to a computer that reconstructs them into one or multiple cross-sectional images of the internal organs and tissues.
A:The Encyclopedia of Children’s Health states that the purpose of an MRI, which stands for magnetic resonance imaging, is to generate images of the body to assist doctors in diagnosing diseases or conditions and evaluating injuries. Additionally, the National Health Service explains that the results of an MRI scan are useful in planning treatments and assessing the effectiveness of a previous treatment.
A:According to WebMD, an annual physical exam does not have a set structure and is simply a yearly physical exam that a person undertakes to check on her health. It is also a good way to ensure early detection of any unnoticed health problems.
A:The most common blood test, the complete blood count, or CBC, measures red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelets and mean corpuscular volume of the blood, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. This test is often used to check symptoms and diagnose a wide variety of conditions, such as anemia, infections, blood cancers, clotting problems and immune system disorders.
A:When radio waves pass through the human body at extremely high doses, they can break down tissue and damage DNA structure. Radio waves have been linked to headaches, multiple sclerosis and sleep disorders and may contribute to more serious illnesses like cancer and brain tumors. However, some argue that the only scientifically proven negative side effect of radio waves is a rise in temperature in the substance through which the waves pass, and the debate is fierce as to the true effects of radio waves in humans.
A:High arches, or cavus foot, often develops due to neurological disorders or medical conditions such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, polio or stroke. In other cases, however, high arches come from an inherited structural abnormality.
A:According to certified personal trainer Paige Waehner for About.com, an effective strength-training program is based on a planned, consistent approach that utilizes various weight-bearing maneuvers intended to break down muscle tissue and subsequently repair it with restorative sleep and a diet containing plenty of lean proteins. Strength increases as exercises are continuously modified to challenge muscle groups past their current training limits.
A:Bouldering is a style of rock climbing. Whereas some forms of rock climbing require ropes, harnesses, and other equipment, climbers only rely on climbing shoes and chalk when bouldering. The activity typically takes place on lower elevation surfaces, which sets bouldering apart from free soloing, a type of standard rock climbing that also eschews the use of ropes and harnesses.
A:Reference.com states that a standard barbell weighs about ten kilograms. This amount can vary depending on the country in which the barbell was manufactured, as well the barbell's intended use and who it will be used by.
A:A 2-kilometer, or 2K, run is the equivalent of approximately 1.24 miles. Put another way, it is 1 mile and slightly over 427 yards. A 2-kilometer run is a good running distance with which to start for beginners who are not ready to tackle the demands of a 5-kilometer run.
A:Pedometers are devices that measure every step you take. According to About.com, studies show that the more steps you take per day, the better shape you are likely to be in. Wear a pedometer daily, or use a pedometer app on your smart phone to see how much you're moving each day.