The Bill of Rights Institute explains that the first 10 amendments of the Constitution were written by James Madison. These amendments comprise the "Bill of Rights," and they were written to provide greater constitutional protection for individual liberties. They include the right to freedom of speech and to bear arms.
The Bill of Rights contains specific limitations on the government’s power. Madison was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives when he proposed changes to the Constitution. However, Roger Sherman and other Representatives felt that Congress did not have the power to alter the wording of the Constitution. Thus, Madison presented the changes he made as a list of amendments. The House approved 17 amendments and the Senate approved only 12. Eventually, in August 1789, the states ratified 10 of these amendments, calling them the Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights was created to protect the individual citizens of the United States, giving them natural rights as individuals, rights to property and more, explains Laws.com. Moreover, the Bill of Rights limits the amount of power the government has over U.S. citizens. The 10 amendments were ratified through the process of state voting one by one using a three-fourths majority vote of all the states.