The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution was written by Congress at large, not by an individual author. It was proposed on August 27, 1962 and ratified on January 23, 1964.Continue Reading
The 24th Amendment outlawed the imposition of poll taxes by individual states. The poll tax was among the Jim Crow laws passed by southern states to maintain second-class citizenship for African Americans. The poll tax created a financial hardship for poor voters in the South. In the late 1930s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced the poll tax, but his challenges to the law were compromised by his need for support from Southern members of his own Democratic party and by the advent of the Second World War.
The poll tax survived a legal challenge in the 1937 Supreme Court case "Breedlove v. Suttles." In 1962 Congress proposed the language of the 24th Amendment against the backdrop of the history of opposition to the poll tax and the Jim Crow laws.Learn more about The Constitution
The Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution deals with bails, fines and punishments imposed by U.S. courts. U.S. citizens have protection from excessive bail, which wrongly imprisons poorer people before trial and sentencing. The Eighth Amendment also guarantees protection against excessive fines, which can be used to unjustly seize property, as well as protection against cruel and unusual punishment while those arrested are held or imprisoned.Full Answer >
The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees all American women over the age of 18 the right to vote. It was passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, but it wasn't until Tennessee passed the amendment more than a year later on Aug. 18, 1920, that it finally received the approval of three-fourths of the states it needed to become official.Full Answer >
The purpose of the 12th Amendment to the United States Constitution was to fix the flaws in the presidential election process. It came about as a result of the election of 1800, according to USConstitution.net.Full Answer >
The 12th Amendment of the United States Constitution establishes voting protocols by requiring separate votes for candidates running for positions of president and vice president. The 12th Amendment creates voting procedures in the event of a tie as well. If ties occur, or races prove too close to call, the 12th Amendment gives the House of Representatives the responsibility of choosing candidates based on votes received.Full Answer >