The Workforce Investment Act of 2009 funds government training and employment programs, not individuals, states the U.S. Department of Labor. The WIA provides nearly $4 billion for programs such as Adult Employment and Training Activities, Dislocated Worker Employment and Training Activities, YouthBuild Activities, and the Program of Competitive Grants for Worker Training and Placement in High Growth and Emerging Industry Sectors as of 2015. Individuals apply to these programs to receive the particular benefits each offers.
The WIA assigns $500 million to the Adult Employment and Training Activities program, which offers services to low-income and public assistance portions of the population, explains the U.S. Department of Labor. The Youth Activities program receives $1.2 billion, primarily for summer jobs for young people up to the age of 24. Two appropriations exist within the Dislocated Worker Employment and Training Activities program: $1.25 billion goes to formula-funded programs, and $200 million is assigned as grant money dedicated to worker dislocations and mass layoffs. The YouthBuild program targets at-risk youth, ages 16 to 24, by offering community-based educational and training opportunities; the WIA assigns $50 million to YouthBuild.
The WIA sets aside $750 million for the Program of Competitive Grants for Worker Training and Placement in High Growth and Emerging Industry Sectors, which seeks to train workers in emerging and high-growth fields. Job training, research and labor exchange projects that target workers seeking careers in renewable energy and energy efficiency receive $500 million, while the rest of the funds prioritize projects that support health care workers.