The northern and southern colonies differed in the level of public participation in government and in the religious, social and economic factors that influenced policy. The northern states, particularly those that make up New England, were primarily religious communities. Christianity shaped their law, and in many instances they practiced innovative small-town democracy. The southern states were foremostly economic enterprises in which farming had a major influence.Continue Reading
The northern states were sites of religious refuge for devotees escaping Anglican persecution in Britain. Puritans made up Massachusetts, where the strict moral codes of Puritanism pervaded the law. The Puritan colonists were concerned with creating a righteous society founded on Biblical principles. Thus, their laws regarding moral issues were detailed and severe. Religious leaders had significant influence in local politics. New England politics is also a major contributor to the American democratic tradition. The people in these communities held town hall meetings in which every citizen had the opportunity to cast a vote. The middle colonies like New York were typically royal colonies controlled by royally appointed governors.
The southern colonies were mostly chartered as joint-stock ventures. These colonists were more concerned with making money than building a righteous community. The fertile southern soil was ideal for tobacco cultivation. This cash crop came to dominate politics. When family members and indentured servants were no longer sufficient for tobacco production, slavery became an important institution safeguarded by the government. Virginia is notable for being the birthplace of the first colonial legislature, the Virginia House of Burgesses, established in 1619.Learn more about Types of Government
State government refers to the government offices, elected officials, bureaucrats, laws and government services that exist at the state level in each of the 50 states in the United States while local government refers to governments that cover smaller jurisdictions below the state level, including county and city government. For example, a state's governor serves at the state level of government while an individual town's mayor or city council is part of the local level of government. According to the U.S.'s Constitution, state governments, such as governor, state supreme court and state congress, have powers that are separate from the federal government, which is the president, Supreme Court and Congress.Full Answer >
The British government passed the Coercive Acts as a punitive measure to deal with colonies refusing to pay taxes. These taxes were intended to reclaim some of the money they spent defending the colonies during the Seven Years' War. French colonists and indigenous tribes were threatening to encroach on British-controlled territory and bring harm to the colonists, so Britain sent military aid to fight the French in the Americas.Full Answer >
The definition of a social welfare policy is social services provided by a government for its citizens. Examples of social welfare in the United States include Medicare, Medicaid, temporary assistance for needy families, food benefits and section 8 housing assistance. Other programs, such as workers compensation, unemployment insurance and Social Security benefits are also considered social welfare programs.Full Answer >
The factors that influence the market price of lead include government policy, exchange rates and aggregate global economic growth, according to the Multi Commodity Exchange of India, or MCX. Inflation, unexpected mine closures and industrial restructuring also affect the market price of lead.Full Answer >