According to the American Judicature Society, there are a number of famous court cases involving the Seventh Amendment, the most notable of which are United States v. Wonson, Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc., and Beacon Theatres v. Westover. Supreme Court justices decide cases involving the Seventh Amendment by applying the "historical test," which is a constitutional interpretation in which English common law is applied to determine whether a jury trial is necessary.Continue Reading
Cornell University Law School indicates that the Seventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states that in civil trials, people have a right to a trial by jury. The amendment also prevents courts from overturning a jury's findings of fact.
The American Judicature Society has explained that the precedent for interpretation cases involving the Seventh Amendment was first set in United States v. Wonson. When the United States appealed for a retrial following the loss of its case against Samuel Wonson, Justice Joseph Story ruled that retrying the facts would violate the Seventh Amendment. He also asserted that the basis for determining whether a civil trial has the right to a jury is English common law, which was the foundation of legal understanding at the time the Seventh Amendment was written.
Wikipedia has recorded the importance of Beacons Theatres v. Westover and Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc. "Westover" has set the precedent that when legal and equitable questions are joined in the same case, a jury must try the legal claims before the equitable claims can be resolved. "Markman" has determined that patent claims are the domain of the courts, not questions of fact. Thus, they are not covered under the Seventh Amendment guarantee of a jury.Learn more about Law
The Seventh Amendment gives citizens the rightÂ to have a jury trial in certain federal civil cases and prevents courts from overturning the decision of a jury. The amendment was proposed in 1789 by James Madison.Full Answer >
Probate court is a type of court where cases having to do with estates, wills and guardianship are handled, according to Investopedia. Other types of cases commonly held in probate court include conservatorships and issues with the mentally ill.Full Answer >
Those who do not have the financial capacity to pay for legal representation in court may seek legal aid services for cases such as divorce, child custody or domestic abuse, according to About.com. Low-income individuals are advised to visit a legal aid office to access low-cost or free legal help.Full Answer >
A letter of administration is granted by the court in inheritance cases where there is no executor or the originally appointed executor is unable to perform his duties properly, according to Legal Dictionary. This appointment is issued via a short document.Full Answer >