People may have the ability to collect unemployment after quitting for issues such as health issues, domestic violence or constructive discharge, Nolo says. Laws vary by state.
While each state has rules that say leaving a job without good cause means the employee is not eligible for unemployment, the definition of good cause varies, states Nolo.
Some states allow unemployment when a spouse obtains employment in another state and the family needs to relocate, Nolo says. Some states allow an employee to collect unemployment if he quit due to constructive discharge, which means that the conditions with the employer were intolerable, and the employer refused to remedy those conditions. Many states allow a person to collect unemployment if he quit his job because of an illness or disability, while other states mandate that the illness or condition be directly linked to the job.
A person may be eligible for unemployment if he quit one job to take another, only to find out that new job never materialized. Some states allow employees who quit due to domestic violence issues to collect unemployment, and certain states allow unemployment benefits for people who had to quit to care for an ill family member, Nolo reports.