As of 2014, Vladimir Putin is the President of Russia. He became acting president in 1999 after the resignation of Boris Yeltsin, and he won election to the presidency in 2000.
Between his second and third terms as President of Russia, Vladmir Putin was the Russian Prime Minister, serving from 2008 until 2012. During that time, Dmitry Medvedev served as president, but he declined to run for a second term and instead exchanged positions with Putin to become Prime Minister. In his early career, Putin was a KGB agent, but he retired after the fall of the Soviet Union. After advancing through local St. Peterburg politics, he moved to Moscow and quickly rose to prominence in the declining days of the Yeltsin administration.