How Is the U.S. House of Representatives Organized?

The House of Representatives is a part of the legislative branch of the United States government. As the U.S. constitution reads, the House drafts and passes federal law. As a matter on constitutional law, the number of seats in the House depends on the population and density of people in all 50 states. Representatives also go by the moniker congressman or congresswoman.

The House of Representative’s design is to respond to public opinion and represent a state’s population, something like a voice for the people. As it is the people’s house, members in the House of Representatives campaign for election or re-election every two years. The House of Representatives is the lower house of legislature, with the Senate being the upper house. The House and Senate have the power to veto each others’ bills.

One of most important components to the House of Representatives is its leadership structure. The House leadership includes the speaker of the house, majority leaders, minority leaders, whips and the caucus. The speaker of the house is a prestigious position that carries power and responsibility. If the president or vice president cannot perform their duties, the speaker of the house is next in the line of succession to finish the presidential term.