As of 2015, 36 of the 435 congressional representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives are from Texas. Of the 36 representatives, 11 belong to the Democratic party while 25 are Republican, including Joe Barton, who is the longest-serving representative from the state.
Other long-serving Republican representatives from Texas as of 2015 include Sam Johnson, Kevin Brady, Kay Granger, Mac Thornberry and Lamar Smith. In the Democratic party, long-serving representatives include Gene Green, Eddie Johnson, Ruben Hinojosa and Sheila Jackson Lee. All of the representatives listed above have served in the U.S. House of Representatives since before the year 2000.
Each of the representatives elected in to the House serves a two-year term. The 36 districts that represent Texas have an average population of about 710,000 individuals each. A representative in the House is also referred to as either a congressman or a congresswoman, depending on gender.
The districts that are found in Texas were first set up by the 83rd Legislature of Texas. As of 2015, the existing congressional districts were divided by following an interim plan that had been used in the 2012 congressional election. This district planning is only in effect for the duration of the 114th U.S. Congress, running from 2015 to 2016.