What Are Some of the Types of Courts in the Judicial System?


Quick Answer

The federal judicial system has three types of courts: district courts, courts of appeal and the Supreme Court, while state judicial systems have family courts, probate courts, small-claims courts, and supreme, superior or circuit courts. Names of courts vary between states.

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Full Answer

In the federal system, the district and administrative courts hear lower level cases, while the court of appeals hears all federal appeal cases, and the Supreme Court is the final court of appeals.

On the state level, family court hears child custody and divorce matters while probate court hears wills and trusts or guardianship issues. States generally divide up trial courts depending on the type of monetary damage the plaintiff is seeking.

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