Personal-injury lawyers handle cases involving medical malpractice, toxic exposure and severe and long-term or permanent injuries, according to Nolo. These lawsuits require a lawyer when an insurance company declines to pay a settlement, when a case involves complex legal rules, or when the severity of an injury calls for an unusual compensation amount.
Medical malpractice suits occur when a health care professional engages in incompetent or careless treatment of a patient, which leads to illness or injury, explains Nolo. The complex legal rules and medical issues involved in such cases often require a lawyer's expertise. Misdiagnosis, hospital-related infections, negligence and informed consent are examples of issues that may arise in malpractice suits.
Personal-injury lawyers handle toxic exposure cases that involve complex scientific evidence, says Nolo. Chemicals and contaminants in the environment sometimes cause illness, and lawyers provide the experience to prove claims based on exposure to these substances.
Compensation for severe injuries usually falls within a range, and lawyers help accident victims receive an award at the highest end of this range, according to Nolo. Courts measure the severity of an injury according to the amount of time needed to recover, the cost of medical help and the type of injury.
Lawyers assist people who suffer permanent or long-term injuries that affect their appearance or physical abilities, notes Nolo. Lawyers possess the experience and knowledge to acquire the maximum compensation amount in such cases.