Scotland is an administrative division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and is subjected under the constitutional monarchy and commonwealth realm of the U.K. The Scottish Parliament has certain devolved powers that were delegated by the U.K. Parliament.
The Scottish government is created through an electoral process within the Scottish Parliament. A first minister is designated by the Parliament, which requires the approval of the queen before the minister is seated. Some of the devolved powers of the Scottish government include the areas of education, agriculture, health and justice. Certain issues and policies involving foreign affairs, national security and defense are solely the jurisdiction of the central government.