In 1991, after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics' dissolution, Russia began transitioning to self rule as the Russian Federation. The new government adopted its constitution on Dec. 12, 1993. However, the exact distribution of authority among local leaders, regional leaders and the central government continues to evolve.Continue Reading
The Russian Federation encompasses executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. The president, or Russian chief of state, represents the executive branch. Voters elect the president to a four-year term. The position is one of significant power, with the legislative branch subordinate to it. The president serves as commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and head of the Russian Security Council. No vice president exists. However, if the president is unable to perform his duties, the premier takes his place.
Russia's legislative branch is its Federal Assembly, which consists of a 178-seat Federation Council and 450-seat State Duma representing the 21 Russian Republics and 66 independent regions and territories.
The nation's judicial system arbitrates any disputes that arise between the legislative and executive branches as well as those between regional and local governments and Moscow. However, the court is not allowed to examine cases based on its own initiative.
A number of political parties are active in Russia.Learn more about Types of Government
As of 2014, Russia is a democracy with a very strong presidency. The Communist Party lost power and the country began holding democratic elections in 1991.Full Answer >
Many countries have been ruled by an oligarchy, with South Africa during apartheid being one such example (where race was used as the basis for an oligarchy), but Russia and America (where wealth is often the determining factor for oligarchical rule) are both oligarchies. Many countries may be oligarchical in nature, despite having a visibly different official political system.Full Answer >
Russia’s Rambler Media Limited is a subsidiary of ProfMedia Management OOO that operates an assorted collection of diverse Russian-language multimedia, entertainment, Internet and blogging services throughout Russia and other members of the Russian Federation. The site operates the popular Russian Web portal, search engine and email platform, Rambler.ru, the newspapers Lenta.ru and Gazeta.ru, and several other consumer-oriented sites such as Top100.ru, an Internet catalog site; Price.ru, a price comparison service and Rambler-ICQ, a popular messaging service.Full Answer >
As of Russia's invasion of Ukraine in 2014, the Russian Federation consists of 85 federal subjects, a category which includes republics, krais, oblasts, federal cities, autonomous oblasts and autonomous okrugs. These federal subjects are grouped into nine federal districts and 12 economic regions. With respect to the armed forces, Russia is divided into four military districts, each of which operates under the command of the district headquarters and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.Full Answer >