What Type of Government Does Myanmar Have?

type-government-myanmar Credit: SOE THAN WIN/AFP/Getty Images

As of 2014, the government of Myanmar is officially a unitary presidential constitutional republic under its 2008 constitution. Myanmar's government has a bicameral assembly of two houses and a president.

In Myanmar's legislative houses, three-fourths of the seats of government are elected by civilians, and one-fourth are appointed by the military. Although the country's constitution was ratified in 2008, the first general election was not held until 2010. The first nominally civilian government was not installed until March 2011, with Thein Sein sworn into office as president. For the previous 50 years, Myanmar had been under military rule by a junta that wielded near absolute power.