Jamaica's government is a constitutional monarchy with an appointed and democratically elected parliament. The Queen of England is the Jamaican chief of state, but she is represented by the governor general, while the government is led by the prime minister.
Jamaica became an independent country in 1962 after three centuries of British rule. The elected majority forms the government, while minority political parties are known as the opposition. The parliament consists of two houses, with elected representatives forming the House of Representatives, while the governor general appoints 13 members to the Senate and the leader of the opposition appoints eight.