India is a Federal Republic, which means it has one national government that exists independently over several other smaller state governments. The government is divided into three distinct arms, which are the executive, legislature and judiciary.
The president is the chief of state while the prime minister is the head of government in India. The three arms of the government have distinct powers and roles in order to ensure that the people of India can realize their goals through a fair administration. India's constitution was adopted in the year 1950. The constitution protects human rights, gives a framework of government structure and important political principles.