Guadeloupe, a region of France, has a Republic form of government. Like the United States, the government has three main branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Guadeloupe, and other French regions, use a constitution as an outline for their government. Developed in the 1950s, the French Constitution, also known as the Fifth Republic, gives the president a larger amount of power than Western democratic governments.
The president is elected through popular vote. After being elected, the leader chooses a prime minister, who is then in charge of forming a government. The presidents are elected for five-year terms and are limited to two terms of office. Though the prime minister is in charge of bringing together the bodies of government, the president must approve of the appointments.