What Type of Government Does Cuba Have?

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Cuba has a totalitarian communist government. It is headed by President Raul Castro and supported by a group of Communist Party loyalists. President Raul Castro took over the reins of government from his brother, Fidel Castro, on Feb. 24, 2008. Raul Castro is the President of Cuba, chief of state, commander of the armed forces and first secretary of the Communist Party.

Raul Castro is the official president of Cuba, even though the government has no general elections. All of the high-ranking positions in the government are held by members of the Communist Party, the only recognized political party in Cuba. The President is personally allowed to recommend or select the people to hold office. The Cuban people have no voice in the government and are not allowed to change it. It is a de facto requirement for applicants to government and judicial positions to be members of the Communist Party. The Cuban National Assembly and Council of State have supreme control over the country according to the 1976 constitution. The National Assembly meets twice per year, limiting its power. The Council of State has 31 members who hold most of the power in the country. The Council of Ministers has control over the administrative aspects of the economy. Both the Council of State and Council of Ministers are headed by Raul Castro.