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What are the two houses of Congress called?

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The two houses of Congress are called the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together, they form the legislative branch of the United States government.

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The House of Representatives

In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives per state is determined by the state's population. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states, but representatives are elected by a smaller portion of the state than senators. Representatives are elected for 2-year terms, and members of the House focus more on taxes and revenue. The majority party in the House of Representatives is usually highly favored.

The Senate

Every state has two senators, so all states are equally represented in the Senate. However, senators represent much larger portions of their states than representatives. Once elected, senators serve 6-year terms. The focus in the Senate is on foreign and national policy.

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Related Questions

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    What is Congress made up of?

    A:

    Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two senators.

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    What branch of government does Congress fall under?

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    Congress, including both the House of Representatives and the Senate, falls under the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Article I of the Constitution spells out the duties of both the House and the Senate, both individually and as a whole.

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    Where can you find a list of members of the U.S. Congress?

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    BallotPedia lists active members of the U.S. Congress, including the Senate and the House of Representatives, as of 2015. The interactive spreadsheet allows site visitors to organize columns in ascending or descending order by names, number of years in congress, political parties, states/districts and ending years of active terms.

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    What two houses make up Congress?

    A:

    The United States Congress is a bicameral body that represents the legislative branch of government; the congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 100 seats that are filled by elected representatives, known as Senators, from each of the 50 states with each state is allotted two Senate seats regardless of size, and Senators serve 6-year terms. The House of Representatives has 435 seats that are distributed among the 50 states according to population and filled by elected representatives, known as Representatives, who serve 2-year terms.

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