The Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy was formed to protect the member nations by promising military support in the event of attack by other great powers. Initiated by Otto von Bismarck, it was first formed in 1882 and periodically renewed until the outbreak of World War I in 1914.Continue Reading
In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary, already bound by ethnic ties, formed an alliance, mainly to defend themselves against Russia. In 1881, the French occupied Tunisia, which the Italians also coveted. This prompted Italy to join the alliance in 1882 to protect itself against France, which the other members of the alliance already considered a threat. Under the terms of the agreement, if either Germany or Italy were attacked by France, the other members would come to their aid, and if Germany or Austria-Hungary were attacked by Russia, Italy remained neutral. Despite the mutual accord, the countries continued to squabble over Italy's North African colonial ambitions and Austria-Hungary's territorial desires in the Balkans.
In 1902, unsure of the integrity of the other members of the alliance, Italy made a secret agreement with France that if Germany or Austria-Hungary attacked either country, the other would remain neutral. This effectively ended the Triple Alliance, though Italy ostensibly continued to renew the agreement, first in 1907 and again in 1912. In 1914, confident of German support, Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia and began World War I. In 1915, after extended secret negotiations, Italy entered the First World War on the side of the Allies, the alliance of nations opposing Germany and Austria-Hungary.Learn more about International Orgs
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Proponents of the WTO, or World Trade Organization, assert that it creates a strong, stable international economy, while opponents contend that it favors wealthy, developed nations and is widening the global divide between the rich and poor.. The WTO was created in 1995 to encourage and regulate trade between its over 150 participating member nations. The primary objective of the WTO is to create economic growth and encourage free trade among nations: supporters contend the WTO creates economic opportunities, while others say it is disfavors lower class citizens, limiting their opportunities for social and economic mobility.Full Answer >
The Trans-Pacific Partnership is a proposal that aims to create a free trade zone between 12 nations, including Canada, that all border the Pacific Ocean. The Canadian government, under the leadership of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister Stephen Harper, negotiated Canadian entry into the partnership, although several groups in Canada strongly oppose the agreement. As of November 2015, the proposal has not been voted on or ratified by the Canadian parliament.Full Answer >