Those applying for green cards within the United States can check the status of their applications through the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services by phone or online, reports the Department of Homeland Security. Those applying through consular processing can check application status in monthly U.S. Department of State visa bulletins.
The ability to change from nonimmigrant to immigrant while living in the United States is known as adjustment of status, according to the Department of Homeland Security. Eligibility is usually based on family, employment, humanitarian needs or other special considerations. Applicants typically file forms, provide photos and fingerprints, and appear for an interview. They are notified of final decisions by mail in writing. To check their case status by phone or online, applicants must provide information such as the application receipt number.
The process of obtaining a green card from outside of the United States is known as consular processing, as reported by the Department of Homeland Security. Criteria of eligibility are the same. Applicants usually present a petition to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, which passes approved petitions on to the Department of State's National Visa Center. Because there are a limited number of visas available in some categories, potential immigrants must wait in queues based on their visa numbers, and the monthly visa bulletins inform them of their position in the queue.