Once a bill is approved in Congress, the president has the option to sign it, veto it or make no action to acknowledge it. The president's signature is the final step to enact a law, but he must complete the process within 10 days, excluding Sundays. An official override, or veto, allows the president to reject a bill, sending it back to Congress for reconsideration.Continue Reading
A vetoed bill is returned to the Senate or House of Representatives, depending on which chamber it originated from. Congressional chambers have the power to override a presidential veto by holding an internal vote and obtaining a two-thirds majority. If the veto is overridden in one chamber, it must also be overturned with a two-thirds majority vote by members of the opposite chamber. As of 2014, only 109 vetoes have been overridden.
When the president takes no action on a bill, the unsigned legislation is enacted into law as long as Congress is still in session. If Congress has adjourned, and the 10-day grace period has passed, the bill is automatically overridden in a passive process known as a pocket veto. Past disputes about the conditions of adjournment have resulted in court rulings restricting the president to issuing pocket vetoes only when Congressional sessions are suspended without a specified future date. As of 2014, Franklin D. Roosevelt exercised his vetoing power more than any other president, overriding a total of 635 bills and facing only 9 Congressional overrides.Learn more about Branches of Government
Congress can check the president by overriding a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority vote, by confirming or rejecting cabinet members or other appointees the president has selected, and by subpoenaing as witnesses and holding in contempt people to whom the president has offered pardons. In addition, only Congress can initiate legislation, so if a president wants a bill passed, he must lobby Congress.Full Answer >
According to the 25th Amendment of the Constitution, if the vice president of the United States dies while the president is still in office, the president has the power to appoint a new vice president subject to the approval of both houses of Congress. If both the president and the vice president die, the speaker of the house becomes president, according to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947.Full Answer >
Congress determines the president's salary. However, according to Article II, Section 1 of the United States Constitution, Congress may not change the president's salary while the president is in office.Full Answer >
A pocket veto occurs when Congress adjourns before the president signs a bill into law. The United States Constitution states the president has ten days to sign or veto legislation. If Congress adjourns within the ten-day period, then the bill does not become law.Full Answer >