"TANF" stands for "Temporary Assistance for Needy Families." It is a federally funded program mandated by each individual state. It provides assistance in cash and food stamps, as well as opportunities and incentives to find and keep employment.
TANF is the newer name for the welfare program formerly known as "Aid to Families with Dependent Children," or "AFDC." The qualifications and requirements for TANF vary from state to state. However, it is federally mandated that individuals receiving TANF must engage in roughly 30 hours of work-related activities per week, such as searching for employment. Other employment-related activities that qualify are internships, on-the-job training and community service.