The oral test administered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services covers topics relating to American civics, which includes American history and American Government. This test is administered to every immigrant seeking naturalization in the United States, according to USCIS.
The test includes 100 questions, but the interviewing officer only asks an applicant to answer 10 of them, according to USCIS. The specific topics covered in the test include questions about the U.S. Constitution, such as the number of amendments to the Constitution or what rights are granted by the First Amendment. It also covers questions about the U.S. system of government, asking applicants to name the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court or how often the President's term in office lasts. Applicants might also be asked questions about U.S. History, such as the name of the writer of the Declaration of Independence or the goal of the Emancipation Proclamation. The interview may even select geography questions, such as asking applicants to provide the location of the Statue of Liberty or to name one state that borders Mexico.
The applicant must answer at least six of the 10 questions asked by the USCIS officer to pass the test, according to USCIS. The questions are asked orally so that the test administrators can judge an applicant's ability to understand and communicate in English. Proficiency in understanding and communicating in English is also necessary to pass the exam.