Prosecutions for migratory bird-law violations were much more frequent during 2005 than prosecutions for election fraud. However, Republications are almost twice as likely as Democrats or independents to believe that voter fraud influences thousands of votes in each election, according to the New York Times.
The Republican Party regularly examines voter ID laws in state elections, claiming that voter fraud is having a harmful influence on elections throughout the government. Such campaigns as the one that Lyndon B. Johnson ran in Texas when vying for the U.S. Senate in 1948, which has a reputation for voter fraud, have entered the public consciousness as evidence that election fraud is a common occurrence, states the New York Times.
A 2014 study carried out by Marquette Law School found that, in Wisconsin, many voters believe that voter impersonation and other forms of fraud take place throughout state and local elections. Indeed, 39 percent of the voters surveyed thought that voter fraud influences at least a few thousand votes at each election, as stated by the New York Times.
In addition to the 2005 comparison of voter fraud prosecutions, a study commissioned by the Bush Administration concluded in 2007 and found that, after a 5-year analysis, they could not find any proof of an organized campaign to distort the results of federal elections, states the New York Times.