There are several state-run correctional facilities in California, including San Quentin State Prison and Pelican Bay State Prison, notes the California Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation. San Quentin houses inmates at several security levels, while Pelican Bay houses some of the state's most serious offenders.
San Quentin State Prison, built in 1852, is California's oldest prison, states the California Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation. Located in Marin County, the prison sits on 432 acres and has four cell blocks, an adjustment center for maximum security inmates, a health services building, a medium security dorm and a minimum security firehouse. San Quentin State Prison houses all male death row inmates in the state, and it has the state's only gas chamber, as of 2015. The prison offers a visitors center, transportation for visitors, childcare and prison-appropriate clothing for visitors.
Pelican Bay State Prison is located on the northern coast of California, 13 miles from the Oregon border, according to the California Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation. The state opened the facility in 1989 due to an increase in the state's maximum security inmate population. The facility designates one half of its housing to general population settings, and half to Security Housing Units for hard to manage offenders such as prison gang members and violent inmates. The Psychiatric Services Unit is part of the Security Housing Unit at the prison, and treats inmates with mental disorders.