According to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts website, a state court does not necessarily have jurisdiction over all occupants of the state. The two types of courts in the United States are federal courts and state courts, and jurisdiction depends on the type of case being heard.Know More
The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts writes that state courts typically hear most criminal cases, probate cases, contract cases, tort cases and family law cases. State courts are the final authority on state law and state constitution, but their interpretation of federal law or the U.S. Constitution may be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
USLegal states that federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over certain areas. These areas include suits between states, cases involving high-ranking public figures, federal crimes, bankruptcy, patent laws, admiralty, antitrust, securities and any other cases that have been specifically designated by a federal law. One of the areas in which state courts and federal courts may both have jurisdiction is a diversity of citizenship case. Diversity of citizenship refers to a situation when the parties of the case are from different states. When the amount of the suit is under $75,000, the case must be heard by a state court. However, if the amount is over $75,000, the case may be heard by a federal court if the defendant makes a request.Learn more about Law
The ability to change court dates depends on the rules of the jurisdiction that the court is held in. Many times, a court date can be changed if one of the lawyers is unavailable or if there is some type of pending emergency with someone involved in the case.Full Answer >
The number of people on a jury depends on the jurisdiction of the court. The federal court system and the individual state courts determine how many jury members sit for criminal and civil cases.Full Answer >
Finding a court date involves finding the jurisdiction of a case, finding the case number and looking it up online. Failing to appear in court on the scheduled date may lead one to lose the case, pay a fine or even get arrested.Full Answer >
Steps to vacate a default judgment include preparing and filing a motion to vacate, and filing the motion with the court of jurisdiction, explains Credit Info Center. The defendant must become familiar with the legal terms of his state in order to properly prepare and file the motion.Full Answer >