Q:

What are some standard disability rules?

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Quick Answer

The Americans with Disabilities Act, passed in 1990, requires businesses and other entities to designate certain parking spots for disabled people and requires buildings to have bathroom stalls that provide sufficient space for people with wheelchairs and other disabilities, according to the United States Access Board. The ADA also requires that ramps, elevators and other building components meet certain requirements to ensure their accessibility.

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Full Answer

The number of parking spaces designated for people with disabilities a parking lot needs varies based on the total number of spots available, but these spots typically need to be those that provide the shortest route to the entrance, explains the United States Access Board. Accessible parking spaces must be at least 96 inches wide, and they must have an aisle that provides a route to the building's entrance. These spots must not have a slope of more than 2 degrees.

The ADA also requires that toilet stalls meet certain requirements. Stalls need to meet certain size requirements to comply with the act, states the United States Access Board, and they must provide grab bars. The act also standardizes the flush mechanism's placement. Sinks must meet certain dimensional requirements, and they must provide sufficient clearance underneath so that people with wheelchairs can access them.

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