SSI is Supplemental Security Income that pays monthly benefits to children or adults who are disabled or blind and adults who are over age 65. SSI is administered by the Social Security Administration.
Recipients of SSI must be legal residents of the United States or qualified non-citizens. SSI funding comes from personal and corporate taxes rather than Social Security taxes paid during employment. A qualifying disability, blindness or age combined with financial need and limited resources help determine eligibility. The exception is that families with disabled or blind children under age 18 do not have to prove financial need. SSI recipients may also qualify for Medicaid and food assistance in some states.