Who Has the Sole Power of Impeachment?

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Impeachment power is given solely to the House of Representatives. It also includes the power to disqualify an impeached officer from holding future positions. The Senate is the sole court for impeachment trials, while fines and imprisonment penalties are addressed in civil courts.

Impeachment proceedings have been initiated by the House 60 times, but only eight federal judges have been convicted by the Senate and removed from office. In total, 15 federal judges have been impeached. Two presidents, Andrew Johnson in 1898 and William Jefferson Clinton in 1998, a cabinet secretary, William Belknap, and U.S. Senator William Blount of North Carolina were impeached in 1876 and 1797, respectively.