In 1962, Baker v. Carr established that the federal courts had jurisdiction to intervene in voter redistricting. The plaintiff lived in Tennessee, which had not redrawn its legislative districts since 1901. The state was required to redistrict every 10 years according to population, and the lack of redistricting diluted the representation of citizens in urban areas.Continue Reading
The chief question in Baker v. Carr was whether redistricting was a legal problem the courts could address proactively to correct abuses or a political problem. The state argued that it was a political issue, so the courts had no jurisdiction. The case proved one of the most exhausting in the Supreme Court's history, with the decision held over for re-argument because the court could not reach a majority decision. Justice Charles Evans Whittaker was so upset by the case, he finally recused himself from the decision, and the stress over the decision may have contributed to his early retirement from the Court.
The Baker decision forced not only Tennessee but many other states to redistrict in the 1960s, finally giving urban areas the representative weight their populations deserved. It also firmly established the concept of "one person, one vote," forcing states to ensure that districts were as evenly populated as possible.Learn more about Law
Howie Carr is known for his weekday radio show, "The Howie Carr Show," which has aired since 1994 on WRKO, AM 680, in the Boston area. Carr is a journalist, author and conservative talk-radio host based in Massachusetts.Full Answer >
The "Howie Carr Show" is a New England radio talk-show hosted by Howie Carr and broadcast to over 20 stations, as of 2015. The show features monologues by Howie Carr on topics such a organized crime and elected officials.Full Answer >
As of 2015, there are about 7,000 lawsuits against Johnson & Johnson, the manufacturers of Prolene mesh, in U.S. federal courts alone. None of these are class-action suits, but class-action suits are possible, according to the Transvaginal Mesh Center.Full Answer >
When it does not go away on its own, doctors treat a Baker's cyst by injecting the knee with a corticosteroid medication, draining the fluid and using physical therapy. Surgery may be necessary to treat a cartilage tear causing the cyst, notes Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >