What Are the Salient Features of the Indian Constitution?

Secularism, constitutional supremacy, fundamental rights, division of powers, and an independent and impartial judiciary are some of the salient features of the Constitution of India. These features work to directly support the constitution's intent to secure every Indian citizen equality, justice, fraternity and liberty, as stated in its preamble,.

The Constitution of India is the longest, and most detailed, constitutional document in the world, as of 2015. It is a mixture of constitutional principles drawn from other successful systems, including the United States and Great Britain, as well as a blend of its own philosophical tenets. Secularism is an important Indian ideal that prohibits any official state religion. It also guarantees citizenry the right to practice the religion of their choice and not be discriminated against for it.

The fundamental rights section of the constitution is modeled heavily after the U.S. Bill of Rights, with the exception of the right to own property, which was originally included but subsequently removed in 1976. The bicameral parliamentary legislatures mimic the British system, and the division of powers between the central government and the states is a blend of American, British and Indian concepts.

The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of the land and is administered and defended by an independent and impartial judiciary. It has fixed tenure and cannot be overruled by the executive or legislative branch.