Russian mass immigration to the United States took place in four major waves, with the first taking place just before World War I, notes the Library of Congress. There are an estimated 750,000 Americans of ethnic Russian descent but only 242,000 are fluent in Russian.Continue Reading
The first wave of mass Russian immigration took place in late 19th century and early 20th century. This wave of immigration was started by the hardship that developed due to religious persecution. Immigrants who moved to the U.S. quickly enrolled their children in school and started small businesses to help them sustain their families.
The second wave of immigration took place as a result of the Russian Revolution and Civil War, which took place between 1917 and 1921. Unrest in the country led to destruction of property, loss of jobs and heightened levels of insecurity. Families fled to the U.S. in search of peace and better opportunities.
The third wave of immigration took place as a result of the Promise of America. America was increasingly becoming popular as a land of prosperity and peace. The freedoms and opportunities in America played a significant role in pulling these immigrants. The immigrants included farm laborers, teachers, government employees and other industrial workers.
The fourth wave of immigration to the United States began in 1969, according to Countries and Their Cultures. It was mainly because of constant government control over citizens, poor economic prospects and failure of the government to guarantee human rights.Learn more about Immigration