The CIA lists Russia's current government as a federation. A federation is a group of autonomous states that are organized and unified by a central government.
Other terms that are sometimes used in reference to the Russian government are "managed democracy" and "authoritarian." Russia is led by the president and his cabinet, all of whom are appointed by the president. Presidential elections are held every six years and determined by popular vote. The legislative branch of the Russian government is comprised of two houses. One house is composed of representatives who are appointed by their respective state leaders, and the other house is composed of representatives elected by a combination of popular and party vote.