A rural settlement is a sparsely populated community that exists in the country, away from densely populated urban centers. "Rural" means "of or relating to the country."
There are actually several different types of settlements that are named for the way in which they are arranged. Rural settlements designed in a circular pattern with an open common area are known as circular rural settlements. Linear rural settlements are built along a main road or thoroughfare. Rural communities in which people live together in a scattered pattern separated by homes, fields, barns, animal pens and other structures are called structured rural settlements. Dispersed rural settlements are comprised of farms that are not in close proximity to one another.