The original Bill of Rights limits the government's powers on individual liberties. Under it, Congress cannot establish a religion or prevent the practice of one, nor can soldiers be stationed in someone's house without their consent. It guarantees the right to a jury and a public trial.Continue Reading
The Bill of Rights protects the right of a militia to keep and bear arms and prevents individuals from having their possessions and households unlawfully searched or seized. Under this amendment, searches require a warrant with probable cause. The Bill of Rights also forbids excessive bails or the infliction of cruel or unusual punishments, and it prevents the Constitution from denying other people their rights in the process of exercising its own. It also prevents people from being put on trial multiple times for the same crime.
The original Bill of Rights consists of 10 amendments to the Constitution. Its creation was a point of contention between Federalists and Anti-Federalists, the former arguing that it was unnecessary because individuals and states automatically held whatever powers not granted to the government. However, the Anti-Federalists maintained that it was necessary to protect individual liberties. The Bill of Rights was drafted by James Madison, who originally proposed changes to the Constitution that were then redrafted into amendments.Learn more about The Constitution