The Bill of Rights addresses freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition. Other rights covered include the right to bear arms, the quartering of troops, freedom from search and seizure, the right to a grand jury trial, double jeopardy protection, freedom from self-incrimination and due process. The right to counsel, trial by jury, freedom from excessive fines and cruel and unusual punishment are also covered rights, states Billofrights.org.
The Bill of Rights encompasses the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, explains Billofrights.org. The First Amendment forbids Congress from enacting a law that establishes religion, and also protects the free exercise of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to assemble and the right to petition the government with regard to grievances.
The Second Amendment protects the right to keep and bear arms, and the Third Amendment prohibits the quartering of soldiers. The Fourth Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures, and states that search warrants shall not be issued without probable cause. The right to a grand jury, protection against double jeopardy, protection against self-incrimination, and the right to due process are all protected under the Fifth Amendment, according to Legal Information Institute.
The Sixth Amendment ensures the right to a speedy trial, the right to confront witnesses and the right to an attorney. The right to a jury trial is protected under the Seventh Amendment. The Eighth Amendment protects against excessive bails or fines and prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. The Ninth Amendment states that rights not expressly named in the Constitution are retained by the people, and the 10th Amendment states that powers not expressly given to the federal government are reserved to the states or to the people, according to Billofrights.org.