The right to vote is known as suffrage. Suffrage is commonly associated with the right to vote in political elections and also refers to the act of voting in such an election. Suffrage may also refer to a petition or prayer.
The word's usage dates back to the late 14th century (1350-1400 A.D.). Suffrage is derived from the Latin term, suffragium, which refers to the right of voting and the voting ballot. The modern word may also have been derived from the Old French word, sofrage, referring to a plea on behalf of another. The Old French term was commonly used in the 13th century.