The national security advisor assists the president in national security affairs, providing real-time, immediate data and information about any significant global happenings that affects United States’ foreign policy. This position was first created by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 but assumed a more prominent role under President John F. Kennedy.
The national security advisor manages the daily creation and implementation of foreign policy and acts as a foreign policy advisor. The national security advisor serves in an advisory role to the secretary of state and the secretary of defense, as well as the president, whose role in the security process varies from administration to administration.
The national security advisor derives her power directly from the president, and her real influence on American foreign policy is defined by how much power the president gives her. Each president selects a different individual to become the national security advisor, with each given a specific job to do.
The national security advisor in the first George W. Bush administration was Condoleezza Rice. She was countermanded by President Bush’s secretary of defense, who reportedly would not speak to her or acknowledge her role. Condoleezza Rice was the first woman to serve as the national security advisor.