Q:

In response to what did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts?

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Quick Answer

Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts, also known as the Coercive Acts, in response to the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party was the colonists' answer to the Tea Act of 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists without having to pay the taxes that colonial tea merchants had to pay.

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In response to what did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts?
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Full Answer

On December 16, 1773, about 150 colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians and dumped tea taken from the British East India Company's ships into the Boston Harbor. Upon learning the identity of the responsible parties, King George III and Parliament demanded that the colonists pay the company for the wasted tea, but the colonists refused. To punish the colonists for their actions, Parliament established the Intolerable Acts, which included the Quartering Act, the Boston Port Bill, the Administration of Justice Act, the Massachusetts Government Act and the Quebec Act.

The Quartering Act required the colonists to provide lodging and supplies to British troops. The Boston Port Bill closed Boston Harbor until the colonists paid for the tea dumped into the harbor. The Administration of Justice Act allowed British officials to be extradited back to England, even if they had committed capital crimes in the colonies. The Massachusetts Government Act allowed the British governor, not the colonists, to control the town meetings. Finally, the Quebec Act extended Canada's borders to encompass western lands already claimed by the colonists. In September of 1774, the colonists met in Philadelphia in the First Continental Congress to discuss what they would do in response to the Intolerable Acts.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What caused the Intolerable Acts?

    A:

    The Boston Tea Party of 1773 was the final act of defiance that prompted the British government to pass the Intolerable Acts of 1774. The American colonists' previous boycotts were also a factor in the government's decision.

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  • Q:

    What were the Intolerable Acts?

    A:

    The Intolerable Acts were measures passed by the British Parliament in 1774 in reaction to the Boston Tea Party. The provisions of the acts included the closure of the port of Boston, a British government in Massachusetts, obligatory quartering of British troops and the right of royal officials to be tried in England.

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  • Q:

    Who was involved in the Intolerable Acts?

    A:

    The groups involved in the Intolerable Acts were the British Parliament and the American colonists. The Intolerable Acts, which were called the Coercive Acts in England, were put in place after the Boston Tea Party to try to force the Americans to submit to the government.

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  • Q:

    What was the colonists' reaction to the Intolerable Acts?

    A:

    The Intolerable Acts, or Coercive Acts, drove the colonists to call the First Continental Congress in 1774 and band together to form a collective resistance against British oppression. The Intolerable Acts heavily targeted Massachusetts, and especially Boston, to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party uprising. Britain intended to alienate Massachusetts, but the other colonies openly showed their support by sending money and supplies to aid Boston.

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