In order to receive Social Security disability benefits, a recipient must have worked a job covered by the program, and must have a medical condition that is covered by the program's guidelines. Disability benefits are typically paid out to those who cannot work for a year or more.
Disability benefits continue until the beneficiary is able to work again. In order to continue receiving these benefits, the person must follow special work incentive rules. These rules are engineered to help the beneficiary get back to work, as disability benefits are meant to be temporary support until the injured or ill worker can get back to work.
Benefits qualification is determined by checking whether a potential candidate is working, if they have a severe condition, whether that condition is listed in the disabling conditions list, whether that disability interferes with work and whether they can potentially adjust to a different job. Factors such as education, age and work experience are all used to determine whether a person qualifies for benefits at the end of the process.
Special conditions apply to those cases that cannot be determined in the same way as normal cases. Cases such as blind or low-vision workers, or parents receiving benefits for a disabled child, are examples of these special cases.