As of April 2015, unemployment extensions aren't available. The Emergency Unemployment Compensation program provided unemployment extensions beginning in 2008, but that program expired at the end of 2013.
The maximum amount of time a person can collect unemployment benefits varies based on the state and the individual, but in most states, it is 26 weeks.
Emergency Unemployment Compensation is a federal unemployment extension that the government created due to the high unemployment rate. After a person exhausted his state unemployment benefits, he was eligible for an extension through the program. The program had four tiers of benefits, each with its own duration. Certain tiers were only available for those living in a state that met a minimum unemployment rate. Tier requirements and durations changed during the program, but at the lowest point of the economic downturn, a person could receive up to 73 weeks of additional benefits through the program.
Another type of unemployment extension is Extended Benefits. Unemployed workers can use these benefits after they have exhausted their state unemployment benefits; the program is only available in states with a high unemployment rate. The benefits provide up to 13 additional weeks of unemployment benefits, with some states providing another extension for up to seven additional weeks. These benefits are currently not available in any state.