Eligibility for the Housing Choice Voucher program is determined by each respective public housing authority based on the income level set for the state of residence. Generally, the applicant may qualify in the lower income category if his household income does not exceed 80 percent of the median income established for the area where he wishes to reside. To qualify in the very low income category, his income should not exceed 50 percent of the area's median income.
The Housing Choice Voucher program provides vouchers to those who qualify to allow them to find housing of their choice. Landlords who agree to accept the voucher receive a subsidy from the public housing authority that covers a portion or all of the rent. Some households may be approved to receive a voucher to purchase a modest home.
The voucher program is limited to legal residents and U.S. citizens. During the application process, applicants and members of the household must provide information that includes dates of birth, Social Security numbers and incomes. The information is verified, and from there, the public housing authority determines eligibility. Vouchers are issued to accepted applicants, but in some areas when there is no available funding, accepted applicants are placed on a waiting list.