To qualify as a member of the House of Representatives in the Philippines, a candidate must be a natural-born citizen of the country and 25 years of age or older at the time of the election. The candidate must also be able to read and write.
Additional qualifications for those wishing to run for a seat in the Philippine House of Representatives are that the candidate has to be a resident of the area represented for a year prior to the day of election, and must be a registered voter.
There are two exceptions to the requirements that pertain to those who enter the House of Representatives through being chosen as party-list representatives. These exceptions are that the representative need not be a resident of the area represented and also does not have to be a registered voter. The seats available for party-list representatives make up 20 percent of the total House number. The party-list system includes those registered parties of a national, regional, sectoral and organizational nature.
As of 2014, the total number of allowable representatives is 250 members, as set by law. The number includes both those elected by the public and those elected by party list. This number can be changed by law as well.